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What Is Vehicle Registration? Defined & Explained

What Is Vehicle Registration? Definition
Kelly Boyer Sagert

Kelly Boyer Sagert

Updated November 3, 2021
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Editor’s note: Lantern by SoFi seeks to provide content that is objective, independent and accurate. Writers are separate from our business operation and do not receive direct compensation from advertisers or partners. Read more about our Editorial Guidelines and How We Make Money.
Car registration is among the documentation you’ll need to legally drive a vehicle. States require registration in order to know who owns a vehicle. There are numerous times when you might be asked to show this document, including by law enforcement, when having emissions testing done on the vehicle and when trading in, selling or refinancing the vehicle.The registration process can vary significantly by state. To help guide you through what’s needed to get your car registration, we’ll walk you through questions from “what is a car registration?” to “what are car registration fees?”

Car Registration Definition

Vehicle registration is one of two key pieces of documentation that people who own a car must have. The registration document is proof that you’ve signed up (“registered”) with the state you live in and are legally allowed to drive that vehicle on public roads. Car registration documents need to be regularly renewed with a registration fee paid each time.This differs from the other key piece of documentation, the car title, which indicates you own the vehicle. Car titles don’t need to be renewed; changes only occur with this document when you pay off a vehicle (and the title is now 100% yours) and when it’s sold to another person.

Why Do You Have to Register Your Car?

Registration documents are used by state governments to establish who owns a vehicle, information they then use for more than one purpose, including when assessing taxes and searching for criminals.After you register your vehicle, you’ll be provided with license plates and, in some states, you’ll receive an updated sticker to place on your license plates each time you renew your registration paperwork.It’s illegal to drive an unregistered vehicle or one with an expired registration. Drivers are required to have their registration documentation in their vehicle and may be asked for it by law enforcement professionals if they’re stopped.

How To Get a Car Registered

Specifics on how to get a car registered can vary by state. In general, however, you’ll register your vehicle with your state’s Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) or their transportation department.Here’s how the typical process works: 
  1. You’ll show the registration office the title of your car to prove ownership. With a leased car, the lease agreement will be used. If this car is new to you (whether literally new or used), you’ll also provide a certificate of origin for a vehicle bought from a dealership or a bill of sale if you bought it from an individual. Be prepared to provide the odometer reading (the vehicle’s mileage) if asked. Although the car’s title should have the necessary information about your vehicle, it can help to know information about it, anyhow, such as the make, model and year, as well as its vehicle identification number (VIN).
  2. In some states (usually with a used car), you’ll have to show that your vehicle meets the state’s exhaust emission standards and is otherwise sound before renewing your registration.
  3. Be ready to provide the registration office with proof of insurance; again, state requirements vary. Have your driver’s license handy and, if newly moved to the state, proof of your address. Plus, you’ll pay registration fees each time (more about that later in this post).
You can visit the National Conference of State Legislatures' website to find the vehicle registration information for your state.

When to Register a Car

The three main times when you’ll register a vehicle are: 
  • When you’re buying it
  • If you’re moving to another state
  • When you’re renewing your registration according to your state’s schedule
According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, individual states require registration renewal either annually or every other year.

When Are Car Registration Documents Needed?

Have your car registration available if law enforcement asks to see a copy. If your state requires an emissions test, they may want to see this paperwork, so check yours for specifics. In Ohio, for example, the inspector may ask for either the title or registration, although there are ways to get the vehicle tested without them.Below, we outline other instances in which you may need your car registration documents.

Trade in a Car

If you’re ready to trade in your vehicle to a dealership, most states require that you, at a minimum, present the title. They may require more information, including the registration form, so ask the dealer what they’ll need.

Refinance a Car

If you want to refinance an automobile, you’ll need to provide both your car title and the registration documents to the lender. Having all of your documentation in order will help to make the car refinance process run more smoothly. You may also want to consider ahead of time what questions to ask when refinancing a car, such as the interest rates and terms available. To help, here are some tips for refinancing an auto loan, including the pros and cons and when it may make sense.

Buy a Car

When you buy a car, you’ll need to register it with your state’s DMV or transportation department; the specifics of the process will vary by state. Take the title or lien agreement and the certificate of origin or bill of sale with you when you do so.

Sell Your Vehicle

In most states, the sale of a vehicle requires the title and may also require that you provide your registration documentation. Check your state for specifics on what’s needed.

What Are Car Registration Fees?

Usually, you’ll pay a one-time title fee when you buy the vehicle and then an annual car registration fee (although some states charge this fee every other year). The amount of the car registration fee can vary significantly by state and can increase in price if you choose to buy vanity plates. Some states charge a flat fee while others use the vehicle’s age, gross weight or fuel efficiency to calculate the amount charged.As an example of some states’ fees, here’s a comparison of just two states and their fees at the time of writing this post: In California, the baseline registration fee is $46 each year, with additional fees based on vehicle value, which can range from $25 to $175. Plus, there is a $24 California Highway Patrol fee and, in most cases, a license fee that’s 0.65% of the vehicle’s value. Owners of electric cars pay an extra $100.Right next door to California is Oregon, a state where you pay registration fees every other year. The baseline fee is $43, although county fees may be added. An additional fee is charged based on the miles-per-gallon rating of the vehicle. Owners of new vehicles must pay for two registration periods at once (for a total of four years), and owners of electric vehicles will pay an additional fee of $110.

The Takeaway

As you can see, car registration is a vital document for a car owner. This is the document that proves you’re legally allowed to drive on public roads. You’ll need to keep it in your vehicle when you drive and make sure it gets regularly renewed. Car registration is not only needed if you’re buying or reselling your car, but also if you want to refinance.If you’re ready to explore an auto loan refinance, you can fill out one simple form at Lantern by SoFi to see offers from multiple lenders in our network. There are no fees to get this information and we don’t do a hard credit pull.
Photo credit: iStock/sabthai
The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.SOLC1021231

About the Author

Kelly Boyer Sagert

Kelly Boyer Sagert

Kelly Boyer Sagert is an Emmy Award-nominated writer with decades of professional writing experience. As she was getting her writing career off the ground, she spent several years working at a savings and loan institution, working in the following departments: savings, loans, IRAs, and auditing. She has published thousands of pieces online and in print.
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